Dyslexia is one of the most common learning disabilities in children and adults which hinder a person’s reading, writing, spelling and speaking abilities. It is not an intellectual disability by any means, and considered more a learning and reading disability. It is important that Dyslexia not be mixed with IQ levels.
Each person suffering from dyslexia will have their own unique symptoms which can range from mild to moderate, severe to profound. Many people affected by Dyslexia tend to also have ADD or ADHD.
The 3 most common classic warning signs are:
1. Struggling with reading
2. Struggling with spelling and sounding out new words
3. Difficulty placing thoughts on paper in a proper format.
If treated and caught early on in life, people affected with Dyslexia are very talented and become very successful e.g. Walt Disney. It is never too late to treat someone with Dyslexia.
In today’s high technology world, gadgets such as multimedia learning, voice enables electronic dictionaries, sound and visual spell checkers have become great tools to speed up the treatment and help affected individuals to lead productive lives. However it is critical and vital that if anyone is suffering from Dyslexia, they receive the necessary help and assistance to overcome this learning disability.
Many of the symptoms can be identified as early as preschool to kindergarten. If the child displays at least 3 of the symptoms below, these should not be ignored:
1. Delayed speech ( not talking until age 2.5 – 3 years)
2. Mixing up sounds and multi-syllabic words *e.. say aminal instead of animal)
3. Stuttered or cluttered speech
4. Lots of ear infections
5. Cannot tie shoe laces or differ from left and right or other directions.
6. Cannot master phonics.
7. Cannot make rhyming words
8. Confusing b and d, r and l, m and n.
9. Very messy and not organized
10. Gifted in math but struggle in other areas
An accurate diagnosis of the situation is critical to avoid the child experiencing failure in school which affects self esteem and confidence.
Dyslexia is not a 'disease' that someone should or can be cured of. It is a type of mind, like any other, with its own particular strengths and weaknesses. We all have different talents - things we are good at and things we find hard. Dyslexic children and teenagers find spelling and getting things in the right order very hard, but also have other areas at which they excel. The important thing is to keep up their confidence!