The India-born population in the United States increased from about 1.62 million in 2008 to about 1.8 million in 2010, according to a new U.S. Census Bureau study based on the 2010 American Community Survey.
The total U.S. foreign-born population has risen to its highest level since 1920, with 13% of those living in the U.S. born outside the U.S.
Forty million of those residing in the U.S. in 2010 were born in other countries, up from 31 million, or 11% of the total, in 2000.
Those in the U.S. who were born in Mexico numbered about 11.7 million, the China-born totaled 2.2 million and the Philippines-born were tied with the India-born at about 1.8 million.
Most of the recent increase in the foreign-born population came between 2000 and 2006, Elizabeth M. Grieco, chief of the bureau's foreign-born population branch, told reporters last week.
About 25% of the foreign-born live in California. About 27% of the state’s population of 37 million in 2010 was born abroad, up from 26% in 2000.
Three other big states, New York, Texas and Florida, accounted for a third of the nation's foreign-born population, with New York having the second-highest total at 11%. West Virginia had the smallest percentage, with just 1% born outside the U.S.
The new report draws upon the ACS’ annual poll of three million U.S. households.
The Republican-controlled House voted 232 to 190 last week along party lines to cut all funding for the American Community Survey, which elicited editorials in major newspapers criticizing the move. The Senate, where Democrats hold a majority, has not acted on the bill.
Foreign-born households are larger than those of people born in this country, have more children younger than 18 and are more likely to include three generations or more living under one roof, the report said.
The foreign-born were more likely to be employed than native-born Americans, with 68% of the foreign-born population age 16 or older working in 2010, compared with 64% of those born in the U.S.
The U.S. Census has also recently released data detailing specific unemployment rates for Asian American groups in 2011. The rate for the Asian Indian population, both U.S.- and foreign-born, was 6.2%, with Japanese Americans having the lowest unemployment rate at 4.3% (see table).