Dr. Sanjay Jain

Dr. Sanjay Jain. (Johns Hopkins Hospital photo)

NEW YORK — A team of specialists at Johns Hopkins Children's Center, including an Indian American, has successfully treated a child with a highly virulent form of tuberculosis known as XDR TB, or extensively drug-resistant TB.

The case provides the first detailed account of a young child in the U.S. diagnosed and treated for XDR TB, according to the researchers.

"We are thrilled that our patient is doing so well," said TB expert Sanjay Jain.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacterium responsible for TB, is estimated to cause almost ten million new cases of TB disease worldwide each year, with strains impervious to drug therapies rapidly spreading. 

The child was brought to The Johns Hopkins Hospital for evaluation of unrelenting fever and malaise upon her return from India, where she and a sibling spent three months. 

An account of the case was described in the journal the Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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