A new class-action lawsuit was filed April 18 alleging that the Indian American-founded Framingham, Mass.-based headphone company, Bose Corporation, has been violating its customers’ privacy by tracking and distributing their data without telling them, reported NBC News.
According to the complaint, filed in the U.S. District Court in Chicago, the high-end headphone company's Bose Connect app not only pairs wireless headphones with the music in their devices, it also connects the user's entire listening history with third-party data mining companies.
A person's music and podcast listening history can likely reveal personal and identifying details, the lawsuit says.
For example, if a user listens to a Muslim prayer service, it is likely the individual is Muslim, the suit said. Other potentially revealing information such as sexual orientation or health concerns could also be gleaned from the data, it says.
Attorney Chris Dore, whose firm Edelson PC is representing the main plaintiff, Kyle Zak, in the class-action suit, told NBC News that Bose never informed customers about the data mining.
Zak paid $350 for a pair of Bose QuietComfort 35 wireless headphones last month, according to a Boston Globe report.
The headphones use a Bluetooth radio system to play music stored on a user’s smartphone. Zak downloaded Bose Connect, a free smartphone app that helps users select and play their favorite tunes, the Globe reported.
"One of the issues raised by this lawsuit is that it's not clear what's happening," said Dore in the NBC News report. "The danger with undisclosed and unexplained data collection is, the world is open to these companies to do what they want."
"The user does not interact with it in any way when signing up for the app. It also doesn't disclose this data collection," Dore added in the report.
The lawsuit alleges Bose — which was founded by Amar Bose in 1964 — broke a handful of federal and state laws including the Federal Wiretap Act, the Illinois Eavesdropping Statute and consumer fraud and invasion of privacy laws. Zak and Edelson are demanding that Bose destroy all of the user data it has collected so far, and the lawsuit says that damages likely exceed $5 million.
The company's website offers several regulatory and compliance documents, but does not appear to refer to the Bose Connect app.
There have been numerous data-mining lawsuits of late as more and more companies have access to intimate user data through websites, apps and Bluetooth-enabled devices — sometimes referred to as the Internet of Things, — according to the report.
In January, the Mississippi attorney general sued Google over "unclear" policies regarding collecting the personal information and search histories of students. Even sex toy companies have been hit with lawsuits over user privacy.
Edelson also sued adult product manufacturer Standard Innovation in 2016 over allegations that the company's We-Vibe app collected especially sensitive user data, NBC News reported.
Dore said data mining lawsuits are "something you're going to see a lot more of."
"Some devices are more obvious than others about data collection, but your headphone is not an obvious concern," said Dore in the report. "You're sitting in your house listening to a podcast about politics or religion, and you don't think that information is going to leave your headphones and go to a third party."
According to the lawsuit, the Bose Connect app shares user listening information with Segment, a data collection and analysis firm, the report said. Segment's website features the phrase, "Collect all of your customer data and send it anywhere," prominently on its main page, it added.
Dore told NBC News that corporate mining of user data can be exploited. Once a user clicks "agree" on a lengthy, complex form with fine print that says the company can share or sell user data, it's hard to tell how many times, and with whom, that data will be shared.
"Data collection is a relative black hole at this point," Dore told NBC News. "Once you lose control of it, it can go to ten more companies and you won't know."