Climate action:

World leaders are seen remotely on a screen as U.S. President Joe Biden delivers remarks during a virtual Leaders Summit on Climate with 40 world leaders in the East Room of the White House April 22, 2021 in Washington, D.C. President Biden pledged to cut greenhouse gas emissions by half by 2030. (Al Drago-Pool/Getty Images)

NEW YORK – The India-U.S. climate partnership launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Joe Biden aims to show the world how to combine rapid action against climate change with economic development, according to a joint statement by the two countries.

Modi announced the launch of the U.S.-India Climate and Clean Energy Agenda 2030 Partnership April 22 at the Leaders Summit on Climate convened virtually by Biden with participation of leaders from 40 countries.

He said that through the partnership, "together we will help mobilize investments, demonstrate clean technology and enable green collaboration."

The joint statement said, "Through this collaboration, the U.S. and India aim to demonstrate how the world can align swift climate action with inclusive and resilient economic development, taking into account national circumstances and sustainable development priorities."

It added, "The partnership will represent one of the core venues for U.S.-India collaboration and focus on driving urgent progress in this critical decade for climate action."

Setting out their agenda, the statement said, "The partnership will aim to mobilize finance and speed clean energy deployment; demonstrate and scale innovative clean technologies needed to decarbonize sectors including industry, transportation, power, and buildings; and build capacity to measure, manage, and adapt to the risks of climate-related impacts."

For this, "the partnership will proceed along two main tracks: the Strategic Clean Energy Partnership, and the Climate Action and Finance Mobilization Dialogue, which will build on and subsume a range of existing processes," it said.

State Department Spokesperson Ned Price said that the Strategic Clean Energy Partnership will be co-chaired by U.S. Energy Secretary Granholm, and the Climate Action and Finance Mobilization Dialogue by John Kerry. He did not name their Indian counterparts.

He said that announcement of the partnership followed the visit of U.S. Special Presidential Envoy for Climate John Kerry to India earlier this month when he and Modi announced that their countries would collaborate on clean technologies and climate action.

Briefing reporters in Washington, Kerry emphasized the importance of India reaching its clean energy goals by 2030.

"India, in partnership with the U.S., (is) to deploy 450 gigawatts of renewable power. Why is that important? Because if we can do that -- which is where our finance component of this is so critical -- if we do that, India is on track to hold the 1.5 degrees centigrade (increase in global temperature)."

Scientists consider that limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees centigrade is essential to prevent devastating effects.

The joint statement noted that "both the U.S. and India have set ambitious 2030 targets for climate action and clean energy."

Biden has set an economy-wide target of reducing net U.S. gas emissions by 50 to 52 percent by 2030 and India has a goal of installing 450 gigawatts of renewable energy by 2030, the statement said.

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