Organic India

Farm worker Anilbhai tends to a cabbage patch at the Sardar Patel Farm in Kathwada village, some 30 km from Ahmedabad. The farm, run by practicing cardiologist Dinesh Patel, employs organic farming methods. (Sam Panthaky/AFP/Getty Images)

NEW DELHI — Exports of organic products from India have risen over 20 percent in the fiscal just ended owing to the "growing global appetite for healthy food" that is free from chemical and pesticide residues. This is also a leg-up for the government's plans to expand the area under eco-friendly and sustainable farming, stakeholders say.

As per the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority, India exported organic products worth Rs. 30 billion (over $440 million) in 2017-18, from Rs. 24.77 billion in 2016-17. 

The major demands under the organic product category are for flax seeds, sesame and soybean; pulses such as arhar (red gram), chana (pigeon pea); and rice, along with tea and medicinal plants, said APEDA Chairman D.K Singh.

"People around the globe are getting more conscious of what they are eating. They are switching to organic products as they do not want chemicals in their food. Compared to the overall agriculture export, the share of organic products is less. But the rate of growth is quite impressive," Singh told IANS.

In 2016-17, India exported 21.27 million tons of (regular) agricultural products worth Rs. 1.084 trillion, including substantial amounts of rice, animal products and fresh vegetables and fruits. In the same year, 309,766 tons of organic products worth Rs. 24.77 billion were exported.

Singh said the number of organic products exported was very low 10 years ago but it had shown remarkable growth in the last few years.

"Looking at the growing demand, we expect the export of organic products would be around Rs. 300-500 billion in the next 10 years," he said. 

As per the Agriculture Ministry, farmers are encouraged to adopt eco-friendly farming techniques under Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana, which not only improve soil health but also give better returns.

Neeraja Adidam, joint secretary in the Ministry, told IANS that over 200,000 hectares of land has been brought under organic farming by forming over 10,000 clusters of 20 hectares each in the past three years.

"There is a rising awareness among farmers about maintaining soil fertility. In addition, organic products fetch better remuneration. We have achieved the target of 200,000 hectares of land under the PKVY. Now, we have to bring over 400,000 hectares by 2019-20," Adidam said.

Farmers are given financial assistance of Rs. 50,000 under the PKVY.

As per the ministry's data, farmers have received 20 percent higher prices for their organic produce.

European Union member-countries were the biggest buyers of organic products from India in 2016-17 with imports of 124,398 tons, followed by the U.S. with 116,595 tons. 

There is a growing demand from Canada, Taiwan and South Korea in recent years, Singh said.

"Germany is one of the biggest importers of Indian organic products. Now, many new countries are taking interest," he said.

However, there is no demand for organic products in the Gulf countries – including the UAE – which are otherwise major destinations for Indian agricultural commodities, especially fresh vegetables and fruits. 

According to APEDA, around 399,717 tons of oil seeds and 195,552 tons of cereals and millet were produced in the country using organic farm techniques in 2016-17. The number is 62,329 tons for pulses and 39,129 tons for tea and 155,136 tons for cotton.

Other organic products grown include spice and condiments, medicinal and aromatic plants, fruits, vegetables, dry fruits, coffee, ornamental plants, flowers and potatoes. 

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