Homosexuality Supreme Court

Members of the LGBT community take part in an “Indian Coming Out Day” celebration to mark the anniversary of Delhi High Court's verdict amending Section 377 of Indian Penal Code, in Chennai July 2. In 2013, an apex court reinstated 377, recriminalizing homosexuality. Starting July 10, a newly-formed Supreme Court constitution bench will hear pleas to repeal Section 377. (Arun Sankar/AFP/Getty Images)

NEW DELHI — Starting July 10, a newly-formed five-judge Supreme Court constitution bench will hear pleas to repeal the law that makes homosexuality a crime.

Justice Rohinton Fali Nariman and newly-appointed judge Justice Indu Malhotra will now be part of the bench along with Chief Justice Dipak Misra, Justice A.M. Khanwilkar and Justice D.Y. Chandrachud. The two will replace Justice A.K. Sikri and Justice Ashok Bhushan.

Earlier, the top court referred to a constitution bench several pleas filed by eminent citizens and the NGO Naz Foundation challenging a 2013 apex court verdict which re-criminalized gay sex between consenting adults.

Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code refers to "unnatural offenses" and says whoever voluntarily has carnal intercourse "against the order of nature" with any man, woman or animal shall be punished with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to pay a fine.

On Jan. 8, the top court said that it will re-examine its verdict upholding Section 377, and observed that "a section of people or individuals who exercise their choice should never remain in a state of fear."

The Jan. 8 order came on a petition by Sangeet Natak Akademi awardee Bharatnatyam dancer Navtej Singh Johar, celebrity chef Ritu Dalmia and others holding that Section 377 was "violative of fundamental rights under the Constitution's Article 21 (right to life)."

The top court by its 2013 order set aside a Delhi High Court's July 2, 2009 verdict decriminalizing gay sex.

Hotelier Kesav Suri, the managing director of Lalit Suri Hospitality group and lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender rights activist, filed the plea in the apex court in April challenging the Constitutional validity of Section 377.

In May, another petition challenging Section 377 was filed by a batch of 20 current and former students of the Indian Institutes of Technology.

Students, claiming to represent more than 350 LGBT alumni, students, staff and faculty from the IITs, said that the existence of Section 377 had caused them "mental trauma and illnesses, such as clinical depression and anxiety and relegated some of them to second-class citizenship."

Coming from different parts of the country with diverse religion, age, sex and other backgrounds, the petitioners said that section 377 legitimizes the stigma associated with sexual orientation and its expression – something which is essential, fundamental, intrinsic and innate to an individual.

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